A fascial sling is a procedure performed to treat female stress urinary incontinence. Stress incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine with everyday activities such as coughing, sneezing, or exercise. Stress urinary incontinence affects at least 20-30% of women. It can be very embarrassing and negatively affect quality of life. Many options for treatment are available, however, when other procedures have failed or the patient has concerns about using a synthetic material for their surgery (see leaflet on mid-urethral slings), then a fascial sling is a viable option.